vrijdag 16 september 2016

Giuliano Carnimeo (Anthony Ascott)



Giuliano Carnimeo, who died last saturday, September 10, aged  84, in Rome, is best known to large audiences for his Sartana movies starring Gianni Garko (three times) and George Hilton (once), but he was a very versatile director, active within genres as various as giallo, science fiction and erotic comedy (Commedia sexy all'italiana). Like most Italians working within the genre industry he chose an anglicized pseudonym: Anthony Ascott

Carnimeo took over the Sartana franchise from Giancarlo Parolini (who had invented the character) after Parolini had fallen out with producer Aldo Addobati; he pushed the series into a more satirical direction, turning Sartana into a Houdini-like illusionist, equipped with outlandish props and gadgets. In an obituary on an Italian website he was called l’inventatore del western comico, the inventor of the Italian western comedy style. In 1968, several years before Barboni scored his striking successes with the Trinity movies, Carnimeo had made the serio comic The Moment to Kill, a movie that offered the blueprint for the Trinity formula with a combination of a good-looking, cheerful gunman (George Hilton) and a bulldozer type of side-kick (Walter Barnes)

Carnimeo’s first venture into the western genre, was a rather serious spaghetti western, Find a Place to Die. It’s not a masterpiece, but for some reason it’s very dear to me: it’s one of those movies I return to on a regular base, because they give me the right feeling, the feeling that ‚I’m home’, that is: home with my favorite genre. Apart from all this, the film is remarkable for a couple of specific reasons:

a) It’s one of the very few Italian westerns without a single scène shot in one of the Roman western towns (Elios, Cinécittà, Di Paolis, etc.): the movie is entirely shot on location (mainly in the Manzanaria area, north-east of Rome)

b) It stars Jeffrey Hunter in one of his last starring roles before his premature death (due to an intracranial hemorrhage) in 1969. At the time Hunter was an almost forgotten Hollywood actor making some easy money in Europe, but twelve years earlier, in 1956, he had appeared as John Wayne’s nephew Martin Pawley in The Searchers

c) It has one of the best scenes Carnimeo ever did: a sultry scene set in improvised saloon (in the middle of nowhere), featuring the incredibly beautiful Daniela Giordana performing the theme song Find a place to die, with Jeffrey Hunter humming some background vocals (Daniela is not really singing; it's actually the voice of Jula de Palma).

The scene:



As said, Carnimeo is best known for his spaghetti westerns featuring the character of Sartana, the James Bond of the spaghetti western. The two Sartana actors, Gianni Garko and George Hilton, were both present at his funeral in Rome. After the service, Garko asked the family of the deceased permission to speak a few words about his old friend, the man he called il piccolo grande uomo di nostro cinema, the great little man of our cinema, little not because he lacked talent but because critics at home and abroad never showed any real interest in his work.

These are some of the words spoken by Garko:

 "All'epoca, quasi cinquant'anni fa, erano centinaia di migliaia gli spettatori che riempivano le sale in Italia e all'estero, oggi, grazie alla diffusione delle copie digitali, la platea è diventata ancora più vasta, e le schiere dei fans dei suoi film ora più che mai continuano a guardare e gioire con le storie raccontate da lui, Antony Ascott. Giuliano prediligeva le scene con sfumature ironiche, quando trovava una gag, rideva di gusto, molto divertito. Sul set si mostrava deciso, netto, aveva idee chiare, mai rigide, grande dimestichezza con gli attori."

(At the time, some fifty years ago, hundreds of thousands moviegoers watched the movies in cinemas in Italy and abroad, and today, thanks to the availability of the movies on DVD, the audiences have become even larger and a growing number of fans keep watching and are enjoying those stories told by him, Anthony Ascott. Giuliano liked to add an ironic touch to his scenes, and when he had found a gag, he laughed out loud, enjoying himself very well. On the set he was always strict, correct, his ideas were always clear and outspoken, but never rigid, and he always worked on a good relationship with his actors.)

R.I.P. Giuliano Carnimeo


Learn everything about Sartana here:



dinsdag 23 augustus 2016

Mario Novelli: Stuntmen, Sandels & Pistoleros


Mario Novelli, who died last week, may not have been one the best known names from the world of Italian genre cinema, but he must have been one of the most active men within the business. He worked as an actor and stuntman on more than seventy movies, in genres as diverse as peplum (sword & sandel), spaghetti western, poliziotesco and macaroni combat (war movies that is). After his retirement as a stuntman he continued working within the industry as a stunt coordinator or safety adviser, but even at a high age he occasionally doubled for an actor when a particular scene turned out to be more dangerous than anticipated. In 2004, when coordinating a stunt for the movie The Exorcist: The Beginning, he doubled for an actor playing a Dutch farmer, who scared away for a scene in the last minute. 

Mario in Gli invincibili fratelli Maciste

As an actor he was usually credited as Ant(h)ony Freeman - so with or without the h. Italians tend to 'forget' the h when using English pseudonyms because the h (acca in Italian), is only used in their language to preserve the sound [k] of a letter that would otherwise be pronounced differently in combination with another letter (*1).

Mario in Februari 2016, Photo by Marco Pancrasi

Mario made his debut (as an extra) in 1962 in the peplum movie L'Ira di Achille and was credited for the first time for his appearance in La Vendetta di Spartacus  and Gli schiavi più forti del mondo (the films were made back to back, the director using some of the same cast, locations and sets). He made his first appearance in a spaghetti western, as a bounty hunter, in 1966, in Ferdinando Baldi's Texas,Addio, and his last, in 1977, as the brother of a Northern soldier, in Michele Lupo's California. His most remarkable spaghetti western appearance, must have been his role as the villanous Chiuci in Ballata per un Pistolero (1967). Not only was this one of his rare leading roles - he was billed third - but he also appeared alongside his colleague and good friend Alfio Caltabiano (who played his brother and also directed the movie).

And again: Alfio Caltabiano may not be a name most people will be familiar with, but within the Italian genre industry he was one of the most illustrious stuntmen, thanks to his work on the movie Ben Hur (as most of you will know partly shot in Rome): it was he who doubled Charlton Heston during the famous chariot race. And by the way: on the set he befriended a young man who worked as a second-unit director on the movie and on this particular sequence: Sergio Leone

***

THE FILM: BALLATA PER UN PISTOLERO (Pistoleros)

It's probably not one of the very best spaghetti westerns in history, but it's still an underrated film. It combines the older man/younger man theme with a vengeance tale, like in Sergio Leone's Per Qualche Dollaro in Più (For a Few Dollars More), but it's unique in the sense that it takes a positive stance towards religion (most spaghetti westerns were virulently anti-clerical).  

Mario Novelli (right) and Alfio Caltabiano in Ballata per un Pistolero

- Read a full review of the movie here: Pistoleros Review


R.I.P. Mario Novelli

Note:

* (1) For instance: c is usually pronounced [k] (as in cold), but in combination with i and e it is pronounced [tsj] (as in cheap), so when they want to preserve the k-sound, an h is inserted: chi [ki], che [ke]

Links:

* Mario Novelli has his own facebook page: Mario Novelli Stuntman

* For Alfio caltabiano and his work on Ben Hur and with Sergio Leone, see (Italian text): Un Villa d'Autore 




zondag 21 augustus 2016

The Twilight of the Western Towns


California (1977, Michele Lupo) is one of the best examples of a short cycle of westerns called The Twilight Spaghetti Westerns. They were produced in the second half of the Seventies, roughly a decade after the glory years of the spaghetti western genre. The entire production of Italian genre movies was in decline and the recession had turned the western towns of the Roman Studios into ghost towns.

California is set in the aftermath of the American Civil War (1861-1865). The West that once was Wild, has become a Waste land. The legendary set designer Carlo Simi used the ramshackle western town of the Elios Studios to create an atmosphere of decay and despair. In an early scene of the movie, Giuliano Gemma and Miguel Bose ride into town; they’re both Confederate soldiers, prisoners of war who were released after the Confederacy had surrendered. The town is in ruins, the town street full of trash, the saloon a dusty place, once full of life, now deserted. The two - sitting on one horse - ride into the saloon, alongside the bar, turn around, and return to the town street. The horse they’re riding, was stolen, and the next moment, Bose will be shot in the back by the owner and subsequently hanged in the town street.


Gemma and Bose in the town street of the Elios western town


And in the saloon where once Django was king 

A second ghost town used by Carlo Simi, was Mini Hollywood in Almeria, created in 1965 for Sergio leone’s For a Few Dollars More. A storm had almost completely swept away the town and its facades and buildings. Simi’s famous Bank of El Paso ('the bank only a madman would try to rob') was one of the few buildings that had survived. With some additional debris to complete the image of a town in ruins, the set proved to be the perfect picture to symbolize a society and an industry in trouble. A Twilight Western, shot in Twilight Western towns: with movies like California and Keoma (1976, Enzo G. Castellari) the Italian western had its last upswing. It wasn’t a boom, like boom of the Sixties, but those latter-day westerns were excellent pieces of film-making.

Mini Hollywood 1977, after the storm ...

The bank of El Paso even weathered the storm 

*****

THE MOVIE: CALIFORNIA (1977, Michele Lupo)

(from the review on Spaghetti Western Database:)
The inmates of a Unionist prison camp are given a week to find work or leave the state. A young officer, Willy Preston, who wants to walk all the way home to Georgia, imposes himself on a veteran called Michael Random, a man with no particular place to go. The two steal a horse but ...
- Continue reading here: California - Movie Review




References:

Mini Hollywood, Wikipedia Page
Alex Cox, 10,000 Ways to Die, p. 314-318